The environmental impact of mining activity is particularly great, and this is why Peru tries to control and minimize it while fighting against illegal mining.
Mining is one of the activities with great environmental impact. In some countries, such as Peru, the mining sector is one of the pillars of the economy. This activity provides the 20% of tax revenues, contributes with around the 15% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and means the 60% of Peru exports. Therefore, its impact on the country is high and it is necessary to control it.